Published in English Today, Vol. 26, No. 1 (March 2010). Printed in the United Kingdom © 2010 Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/S0266078409990563
On keeping versus ‘correcting’ Dutch flavour in English texts
As early as 1992, Cox and Furlong indicated that some already considered English a national language in the Netherlands given how widely it was understood. Likewise, McArthur announced at a 1993 conference in Amsterdam, ‘English is now simply one of your languages, along with Dutch and Frisian.’ Against this backdrop and the increasing momentum of notions of World Englishes, it is no longer far-fetched to consider seriously the proposition of Dutch English emerging as a legitimate variety of the world’s lingua franca. That such varieties have emerged in ESL or ‘outer circle’ countries such as India, Nigeria and Singapore is now well established. More controversial is the idea that so, too, could they emerge from traditionally EFL countries once relegated to Kachru’s (1982) ‘norm dependent’ expanding circle (such as the Netherlands and Scandinavia), which are now seen as transitioning – or indeed having already transitioned – to the ‘norm-developing’ realm of ESL. This paper first briefly examines the position and use of English in the Netherlands. It pays particular attention to the Dutch university setting, based on the notion that it is people who are highly competent in English and who use it daily in their professional and private lives that represent the most likely case for new variety development (Mollin, 2006; Jenkins, 2009; Mauranen, 2006). It identifies various potential features of Dutch English. And finally, it reports on a study examining attitudes towards the potentially emergent variety among English-language professionals in the Dutch university environment.